Who’s responsible for soaring civilian casualties in Afghanistan?

UN figures show Afghan and international forces killed nearly as many civilians as insurgents did. The NATO numbers paint a different picture.

by Irwin Loy

Empty beds sit in a hospital run by Médecins Sans Frontières in Afghanistan’s Kunduz Province, months after a US airstrike killed staff members and patients in October 2015. (Josh Smith/Reuters)

Airstrikes and night raids

The UN and rights groups say civilian casualties caused by Afghan and international forces are driven by a rise in airstrikes and search operations to capture insurgents. The latest UN statistics show casualties from airstrikes have surged to their highest total in a decade:

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